Water Plant

Water Plant

Staff
Todd Little – Class 2 – Operator in Charge
James Mullins – Class 1
Steve Asbury – Class 2
Mike Dowdy – Class 2
Zach Davis - Class 2
Contact Info
Plant Phone:  276-322-4178
Plant Fax:  276-326-6511
Email:  water@bluefieldva.org
Billing Questions Call:  276-322-4628


The Town of Bluefield is presently served by a 1.909 MGD (million gallons per day) water treatment facility. The water treatment plant completed an expansion and upgrade project in 2021.  The sources of raw water are from the Bluestone River, Dill Spring, and 3 new wells.  The treatment process consists of chemical addition, coagulation, flocculation, settling, filtration, and chlorination.  These processes work together to remove the physical, chemical, and biological contaminants to make the water safe for drinking.  Water quality is monitored continuously via a SCADA system that receives real time info on pH, turbidity, and chlorine.  The town currently serves approximately 2300 connections, as well as, feeding water to the Falls Mills community and the Town of Pocahontas.


Annual Water Quality Report  2023 
Town of Bluefield, PWS ID #1185061 
Consumer Confidence Report  



Spanish (Espanol) Este informe contiene informacion muy importante sobre la calidad de su agua beber. Traduscalo o hable con alguien que lo entienda bien.  

Is my water safe? We are pleased to present this year's Annual Water Quality Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) as required by the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). This report is designed to provide details about where your water comes from, what it contains, and how it compares to standards set by regulatory agencies. This report is a snapshot of last year's water quality. We are committed to providing you with information because informed customers are our best allies. 

Do I need to take special precautions? Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their healthcare providers. EPA/Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Water Drinking Hotline (800-426-4791). 

Where does my water come from? The Town of Bluefield has five major sources of water. These include surface water and groundwater. The surface water is from the Bluestone River and the groundwater is from Dill Spring those source waters are mixed before entering the system's water intake. The town also has 3 groundwater wells that can supply water to the treatment plant. They are Pemco Well, Park Well, and Plant Well. All of these raw water sources are blended before treatment through the water plant.  

Source water assessment and its availability The Virginia Department of Health conducted a source water assessment of our system during 2020. The Bluestone River was determined to be of High susceptibility to contamination using the criteria developed by the state in its approved Source Water Assessment Program. The assessment report consists of maps showing the source water assessment area, an inventory of known land use activities of concern, and documentation of any known contamination within the last 5 years. The report is available by contacting Todd Little, Designated Operator, at (276) 332-4175 or water@bluefieldva.org.   

Why are there contaminants in my drinking water? A source water assessment of the Richland’s Water System was updated in 2019 by the Virginia Department of Health. The Clinch River was determined to be of high susceptibility to contamination using the criteria developed by the state in its approved Source Water Assessment Program. The assessment report consists of maps showing the source water assessment area, an inventory of known land use activities of concern, and documentation of any known contamination within the 5 years preceding the report. The report is available by contacting the Richlands Water Treatment Plant at  (276)964-2578.

Why are there contaminants in my drinking water? Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791). The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the 
ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity: 
• Microbial Contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, that may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife; inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming;  

• Pesticides and Herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses;  

• Organic Chemical Contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems;  

• Radioactive Contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.  


 
In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health. 
 
How can I get involved? The Town Council meets every fourth Tuesday at 7:30 p.m. in the Council Chambers located at 112 Huffard Drive, Bluefield, VA. 
 
Other Information - Sodium There is presently no established standard for sodium in drinking water. Water containing more than 270 ppm of sodium should not be used as drinking water by those persons whose physician has placed them on a moderately restricted sodium diet. Water containing more than 20 ppm should not be used as drinking water by those persons whose physician has placed them on a severely restricted sodium diet. For informational purposes, we wish to point out that the results of our most recent sampling (2023) indicate that your water has a sodium content of 7.74 ppm. 
 
Other Information – PFAS, Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)  
In November of 2023, the systems participated in a voluntary sampling program performed by the Virginia Department of Health, Office of Drinking Water (VDH-ODW) for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). At this point, this sampling is not required and all the values were found to be below the EPA Reporting Limit. These chemicals are a large complex group of man-made synthetic chemicals that includes PFOSA, PFOS, Gen X, and many other chemicals that have been used in consumer products around the world since about the 1950s. They are ingredients in various everyday products. Examples of where PFAS can be found include cleaners, textiles, leather, paper and paints, fire-fighting foams, and wire insulation.  
 
In our continuing efforts to maintain a safe and dependable water supply, it may be necessary to make improvements in your water system. The cost of these improvements may be reflected in the rate structure.  Future rate adjustments may be necessary in order to address these improvements.  
 
Additional Information for Lead If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. The town of Bluefield is responsible for providing high-quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead. 
 
 
 
 
 
Water Quality Data Table 
 
In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of contaminants in water provided by public water systems. The table below lists all of the drinking water contaminants that we detected during the calendar year of this report. Although many more contaminants were tested, only those substances listed below were found in your water. All sources of drinking water contain some naturally occurring contaminants. At low levels, these substances are generally not harmful in our drinking water. Removing all contaminants would be extremely expensive, and in most cases, would not provide increased protection of public health. A few naturally occurring minerals may actually improve the taste of drinking water and have nutritional value at low levels. Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in this table is from testing done in the calendar year of the report. The EPA or the State requires us to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not vary significantly from year to year, or the system is not considered vulnerable to this type of contamination. As such, some of our data, though representative, may be more than one year old. In this table you will find terms and abbreviations that might not be familiar to you. To help you better understand these terms, we have provided the definitions below the table. 
 
Water Quality Data Table Water Quality Data Table  
In this table, you will find terms and abbreviations that might not be familiar to you. To help you better understand these terms, we have provided the definitions below the table. 
 
Water Quality Data Table 
 
Contaminants 
 MCLG
 MCL,
 Detect In
 Range 
 Sample
 Violation 
 Typical Source 
 
Low 
 High 
 
Disinfectants & 
 
(There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants) 
 

Chlorine (as Cl2) (ppm) 
 4 
 4 
 RAA 
1.5 
 0.9 
 2.1 
 2023 
 No 
 Water additive used to control microbes 
 
Haloacetic Acids (HAA5) (ppb) 
 NA 
 LRAA < or = 60 
 RAA 
26 
 1 
 43 
 2023 
 No 
 By-product of drinking water chlorination 
 
TTHMs [Total Trihalomethanes] (ppb) 
 NA 
 LRAA < or = 80 
 RAA 
25 
 ND 
 45 
 2023 
 No 
 By-product of drinking water disinfection 
 
Total Organic Carbon (% Removal) 
 NA 
 TT 
 1.3 
 NA 
 NA 
 2023 
 No 
 Naturally present in the environment 
 
Inorganic Contaminants 
 
Barium (ppm) 
 2 
 2 
 0.048 
 NA 
 NA 
 2023 
 No 
 Discharge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits 
 
Nitrate [measured as Nitrogen] (ppm) 
 10 
 10 
 0.67 
 NA 
 NA 
 2023 
 No 
 Runoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits 
 
Sodium (optional) (ppm) 
 NA 
 NA 
 7.74 
 NA 
 NA 
 2023 
 No 
 Erosion of natural deposits; Leaching. See more information about Sodium in the “Other Information” section elsewhere in this report. 
 
Microbiological Contaminants 
 
Turbidity (NTU) 
 NA 
 95% of Values  
< 0.3 
 100% of Values  
< 0.3 
 0.03 
 0.09 
 2023 
 No 
 Soil runoff 
 
100% of the samples were below the TT value of .3. A value less than 95% constitutes a TT violation. The highest single measurement was 0.09. Any measurement in excess of 1.0 is a violation unless otherwise approved by the state. 
 
Radioactive Contaminants 
 
Alpha emitters (pCi/L) 
 0 
 15 
 0 
 NA 
 NA 
 2021 
 No 
 Erosion of natural deposits 
 


Contaminants 
 MCLG 
 AL 
 Your
 Sample
 # Samples
 Exceeds 
 Typical Source 
 
Inorganic Contaminants 
 

Copper - action level at consumer taps (ppm) 
 1.3 
 1.3 
 0.021 
 2021 
 0 
 No 
 Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits 
 
Lead - action level at consumer taps (ppb) 
 0 
 15 
 0 
 2021 
 0 
 No 
 Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits 
 


 
Unit Descriptions 
 

Term 
 Definition 
 
ppm 
 ppm: parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/L) 
 
ppb 
 ppb: parts per billion, or micrograms per liter (µg/L) 
 
NTU 
 NTU: Nephelometric Turbidity Units. Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of the water. We monitor it because it is a good indicator of the effectiveness of our filtration system. 
 
NA 
 NA: not applicable 
 
ND 
 ND: Not detected 
 
NR 
 NR: Monitoring not required, but recommended. 
 


 
Important Drinking Water Definitions 
 

Term 
 Definition 
 
MCLG 
 MCLG: Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety. 
 
MCL 
 MCL: Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology. 
 
TT 
 TT: Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water. 
 
AL 
 AL: Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow. 
 
Variances and Exemptions 
 Variances and Exemptions: State or EPA permission not to meet an MCL or a treatment technique under certain conditions. 
 
MRDLG 
 MRDLG: Maximum residual disinfection level goal. The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants. 
 
MRDL 
 MRDL: Maximum residual disinfectant level. The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants. 
 
MNR 
 MNR: Monitored Not Regulated 
 
MPL 
 MPL: State Assigned Maximum Permissible Level 
 
RAA 
 The average of all sample analytical results taken during the previous four calendar quarters 
 
LRAA 
 The average of analytical results for samples taken at a particular monitoring location during the previous four calendar quarters. 
 


 
For more information, please contact: 
For questions, comments, or concerns about any of the information found in this report or regarding the public water system, please contact the following person.  
 
Todd Little, Town of Bluefield, Designated Operator 112 Huffard Drive 
Bluefield, VA 24605 Phone: 276-322-4178 
water@bluefieldva.org 
https://bluefieldva.org/